Small curves usually don't cause problems. But a curve that gets worse can be bad for a person's health. Very large curves can damage the joints and cause arthritis of the spine. Large curves can make the ribs rub against the pelvis, causing pain. If the spine curves a lot, people might get lung problems.
Most mild scoliosis curves don't need treatment. If you have a mild curve, you'll need to go for regular checkups to be sure it doesn't get bigger. Scoliosis is more likely to get worse while your bones are still growing. So your health care provider will want to keep an eye on you as you grow.
Some teens with severe scoliosis need a type of surgery called a spinal fusion. During the operation, an document.write(def_orthopedicsurgeon_T); orthopedic surgeonstraightens the spine as much as possible and holds it in place with rods and screws. The surgeon then puts in document.write(def_bonegraft_T); bone graftto join (fuse) some of the vertebrae together. That way, the curve can't get any worse.
When treatment is over, people with scoliosis are able to live full and active lives. As long as people get the right treatment as kids or teens, their spine usually won't continue to curve after they're done growing.
Methods: Percent fat was derived from the skinfold thicknesses of those aged 5-18 years from three cross-sectional waves of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) IV (1999-2000, 2001-2002, and 2003-2004; N=8269). The LMS (L=skewness, M=median, and S=coefficient of variation) regression method was used to create age- and gender-specific smoothed percentile curves of %BF.
Results: Growth curves are similar between boys and girls until age 9 years. However, whereas %BF peaks for boys at about age 11 years, it continues to increase for girls throughout adolescence. Median %BF at age 18 years is 17.0% and 27.8% for boys and girls, respectively.
Objectives: To create gender-specific reference curves for fat-free mass (FFM) and appendicular (limb) skeletal muscle mass (SMMa) in children and adolescents. To examine the muscle-to-fat ratio in relation to body mass index (BMI) for age and gender.
Methods: Body composition was measured by segmental bioelectrical impedance (BIA, Tanita BC418) in 1985 Caucasian children aged 5-18.8 years. Skeletal muscle mass data from the four limbs were used to derive smoothed centile curves and the muscle-to-fat ratio.
Results: The centile curves illustrate the developmental patterns of %FFM and SMMa. While the %FFM curves differ markedly between boys and girls, the SMMa (kg), %SMMa and %SMMa/FFM show some similarities in shape and variance, together with some gender-specific characteristics. Existing BMI curves do not reveal these gender differences. Muscle-to-fat ratio showed a very wide range with means differing between boys and girls and across fifths of BMI z-score.